This is an old revision of this dataset, as edited at October 7, 2010, 10:17 (UTC). It may differ significantly from the current revision.

Gemeinsame Normdatei (GND)

The Gemeinsame Normdatei (GND) dataset pools the existing collaboratively driven German authority files Personennamendatei (Personal Name Authority File, PND), Gemeinsame Körperschaftsdatei (Corporate Body Authority File, GKD), Subject Headings Authority File (SWD) and Uniform Title File for musical works (Deutsches Musikarchiv, EST) together into a single universal authority file (GND).

The authority files are mainly used in descriptions of cultural and scientific resources with a main focus on authority control and subject indexing in German, Austrian and Swiss libraries and library networks:

The PND incorporates names of persons important for descriptive and subject cataloguing as well as for cataloguing and scientific projects on local, federal, national and international level.

The GKD is the relevant authority file for German and foreign corporate body names in the German speaking area.

The SWD provides a normed, terminologically controlled vocabulary. It consists of concepts, events, places, buildings and other entities that are subject of a resource.

Detailed documentation is available here: The Linked Data Service of the German National Library

The license is still under development. It will be compliant with the Open Definition.


Besides the RDF links, there are also 123,569 links to Wikipedia.

Data and Resources

Additional Info

Field Value
Author Deutsche Nationalbibliothek and German Library Networks
Maintainer Deutsche Nationalbibliothek
Version 2.1
Last Updated October 12, 2017, 13:15 (UTC)
Created September 8, 2010, 10:41 (UTC)
Version "2010-09 (2.1)"
links:dbpedia 40136
links:lcsh 37547
links:stitch-rameau 28249
links:viaf 1786975
shortname GND
triples 40182561
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